The amount of food to stockpile per person depends on age, activity level, and food preferences, but it also depends on how long you want the emergency food to last. Most of us probably have a 3 days food supply that can sustain us through an emergency, but very few have weeks or months of emergency food.
Living without emergency food storage could be problematic if there is a significant upset in our food supply or delivery system.
Grocery stores typically have a 3-day inventory of food and supplies on the shelves. The 3 day supply is based on grocery shopping habits, i.e., customers picking up a few items at a time. The 3-day supply could be gone in hours. During a significant emergency event, people will load up their carts with anything and everything they can get their hands on.
An excellent way to ensure you have food on hand is to store enough extra food so you don’t have to depend on the grocery store in an emergency.
For a comprehensive look at how much food to store for emergencies, read the Ready Squirrel article, How Much Food To Store For One Person.
3-Day Food Supply
The minimum suggested emergency food supply is a 3-day supply, roughly 2000 calories per day. The Federal Emergency Management agency indicates a minimum of 3 days but prefers a 2-week supply of emergency food to be kept on hand.
If you are stockpiling food, don’t forget about your water supply. The minimum supply is one gallon a day per person.
To keep this simple and give you an idea of the calorie count, I will provide examples of how pounds of beans and rice you will need for the specified time, from 1 week to 365 days.
I’m not suggesting anyone survive on just beans and rice, but how much food should be stored based on the calorie count is eye-opening.
1 Week Food Supply
One pound of cooked long-grain white rice contains 590 calories, and 1 pound of cooked pinto beans has 648 calories.
For one person, a week’s food supply is a minimum of 2000 calories per day or 14,000 cooked calories. You’ll want to stockpile 7 gallons of water per person for drinking and hygiene.
Beans And Rice Stored 1 Week
- 12 Pound of Long Grain White Rice
- 11 Pounds of Pinto Beans
2 Week Food Supply (14 Days)
A 14-day food supply contains a minimum of 28,000 calories per person and 14 gallons of clean water.
Beans and Rice to store for 2 Weeks
- 24 Pounds of Long Grain White Rice
- 22 Pounds of Dry Pinto Beans Cooked
1 Month Food Supply (30 Days)
1 month of food for one person at 2000 calories per day is a total of 60,000 calories to store and 30 gallons of water.
Beans And Rice to store for 30 Days
- 51 pounds of long-grain white rice
- 47 pounds of dried pinto beans cooked
2 Month Food Supply (60 Days)
A 2-month food supply for one person, at 2000 calories per day, comes to 120,000 stored calories and 60 gallons of water.
Beans And Rice stored for 2 Months
- 102 pounds of white rice cooked
- 93 pounds of dried pinto beans
3 Month Food Supply (90 Days)
The 3 months food supply at 2000 calories per day comes to 180,000 cooked calories and 90 gallons of water.
Beans And Rice stored for 3 Months
- 153 pounds of long-grain white rice cooked
- 139 pounds of dry pinto beans cooked
4 Month Food Supply (120 Days)
The calories required for one person at 2000 calories per day come to 240,000 cooked calories and 120 gallons of water.
Beans And Rice supply for 4 Months
- 204 pounds of long-grain white rice cooked
- 186 pounds of dry pinto beans cooked
5 Month Food Supply (150 Days)
Stockpile 300,000 cooked food calories for a 5 months supply of emergency food for one person and 150 gallons of water.
Beans And Rice needed for 5 Months
- 255 pounds of long-grain white rice cooked
- 232 pounds of dry pinto beans cooked
6 Month Food Supply (180 Days)
For a 6-month food supply, store 360,000 cooked calories per person and 180 gallons of water.
Beans and Rice kept for 6 Months
- 306 pounds of long-grain White Rice
- 278 pounds of dry boiled pinto beans
1 Year Food Supply (365 Days)
Store 730,000 calories for a 1-year food supply. This many calories will provide one person with 2000 calories per day for one year. You will also want to store 365 gallons of clean water for a 365-day supply.
Beans And Rice For 1 Year Supply
- 619 Pounds of long-grain white rice cooked
- 564 pounds of dry pinto beans cooked.
Best Foods To Store For Emergencies
Dry staples are ideal for long-term storage and a large stockpile of emergency food for a family. These foods are not suitable for short-term emergencies because they need to be cooked and processed, and some take a lot of clean water to make ready to eat.
- white rice
- dry beans
- rolled oats
Canned foods with a 5+ year shelf life are ideal for short-term emergencies because they don’t require refrigeration, and most are ready to eat right out of the can.
- Canned Meat
- Canned Vegetables
- Canned Fruit
To learn more about canned meats to store, look at the Ready Squirrel article, Canned Protein: 28 Examples For the Apocalypse.
Store Packaged Foods
Most store-packaged foods are a solid choice for short-term emergencies. The one downside is the shelf-life. Most will last 1 to 2 years. Compare that to dry staple foods like white rice, dry beans, and rolled oats that will last 30+ years stored in Mylar with oxygen absorbers.
- Peanut Butter
- Protein Bars
- Fruit Bars
- Canned Juices
- Comfort Foods
- Condensed or powdered milk
- Food for infants or the elderly
- Other Nut Butters
- Freeze-dried Coffee
- Beef Jerky
- Canned Meals
- Bottled Water
- Dark Chocolate
- Canned Meat
- Dried Pasta
- Canned Meals
Professionally Packaged Survival Food
These are foods packaged to store for a decade or more. Some will keep for 30 years on the shelf if stored in a cool, dry location.
- Survival bars
- Freeze-dried meals
- Freeze-dried Ingredients
- MREs (Meals Ready To Eat)
Read more about survival food. Check out Ready Squirrel’s article, Eight Types of Survival Food For The Apocalypse.